• CBT
  • CBT

 (Compulsory Basic Training)

All learner motorcyclists and moped riders must satisfactorily complete CBT (Compulsory Basic Training) before riding on the road.

CBT isn't a test that you pass or fail. After you've completed CBT, you can ride a:

  • Moped if you're 16 or over.
  • Motorcycle up to 125cc and with a power output of up to 11kW if you're 17 or over You must use L plates (L or D plates in Wales).

When you've successfully completed all 5 stages you'll be issued with a Certificate of Completion of training (DL196). A DL196 has a 2 year life. If you don't pass both your theory and practical tests in that time then you'll have to take the CBT course again.

The CBT course covers 5 stages. These have to be taken in sequence. The whole course takes from 6 to 8 hours.

Stage 1

Before the CBT course can start you will be given an eyesight test. You must be able to read a number plate. If you fail the eyesight test the course will not continue. Before you can do any practical training your instructor will talk to you about:

  • The legal requirements.
  • The aims of the CBT course.
  • The importance of the right equipment and clothing.

Legal Requirements

In element A your trainer will check that you have all the legal requirements such as a driving licence and a roadworthy bike with road tax and MOT (if the bike is over 3 years old). If you're hiring a bike from the training centre then all you'll need is a licence.

If you are using your own bike you must also have insurance and L plates front and rear (non-cut near vertical). Most training centres will rent you a bike with insurance cover.

You must also have a helmet which meets BSI 6658 and ECE 22-05 standards (there should be a sticker indicating this). If not we will rent or lend you one.

Equipment and Clothing

In Element A your instructor will check that your bike is legal (if you're using your own) by looking at the documentation that you bring with you.

Essential clothing requirements for CBT:

  • Helmet - BSI 6658 and ECE 22-05 standards.
  • British Standards approved visor.
  • Comfortable fit but snug.
  • Tough jacket.
  • Tough trouser.
  • Good pair of sturdy over the ankle boots.
  • Winter clothing for winter, summer clothing for summer.
  • If it's wet bring some waterproofs.
  • Remember tough, warm, waterproof, roomy and bright ( We can lend you gloves, waterproof and helmet).

At the end of the session you should understand the purpose of the course and the relative merits of different types of protective clothing.

Stage 2

In Element B your instructor will show you the:

  • Foot controls.
  • Left handlebar controls.
  • Right handlebar controls.
  • Instrument panel.
  • Basic machine checks.
  • The stand.
  • Wheeling the bike left and right (figure of eight). - Braking.
  • Starting and stopping the engine.

Stage 3

In Element C your instructor will get you to perform:

  • Riding.
  • Clutch control.
  • Gear changing.
  • Braking.
  • Indicating and manoeuvring.
  • Rear observation.
  • The OSM/PSL routine.
  • Moving off and stopping at the kerb.
  • Turning right and left.
  • Junctions.
  • U-turns.

Stage 4

Element D is about the dangers of riding on the road. This element must be completed satisfactorily before any road riding is undertaken. At the end of the session you should understand the need to

  • Recognize the importance of reading and understanding the Highway Code.
  • Ride defensively and anticipate the actions of other road users.
  • Use rear observation at appropriate times.
  • Assume the correct road position whilst riding.
  • Leave sufficient space when following another vehicle.
  • Pay due regard to the effects of varying weather conditions when riding.
  • Be aware of the effect on a vehicle of the various types of road surface.
  • Be aware of the need to be clearly visible to other road users (the use of conspicuity aids). - Recognize the legal requirements for riding on the road.
  • Understand why motorcyclists are more vulnerable than most road users.
  • Drive at the correct speed according to road and traffic conditions.
  • Be aware of the consequences of aggressive attitudes when riding.
  • Be aware of the importance of hazard perception.
  • Be aware of the dangers of drug and alcohol use.

Stage 5

Element D, you will now go out onto to the roads, with a maximum of one other student, to practice everything you have learnt over the past few hours.

You will have to demonstrate that you can ride competently and safely in a variety of road and traffic conditions. Your training will cover how to cope with a range of hazards and include as many of the following as possible:

  • Traffic lights.
  • Roundabouts.
  • Junctions.
  • Pedestrian crossings.
  • Gradients.
  • Bends.
  • Obstructions.

You must repeat the following exercises (originally practised during element C) but this time in on- road conditions:

  • Carry out the U turn.
  • Manoeuvre satisfactorily.
  • Bring the machine to a stop under full control as in an emergency.

At the end of this session you will be assessed. If you have performed adequately and if you show that you recognise your mistakes and that you are aware of the need to continue practising on your own then you will be given the certificate of completion (DL196).

The CBT certificate validates your provisional licence and must be kept with it and produced when required and at your driving test. It is valid for 2 years. If you lose it your training centre will be able to provide you with a duplicate.

You should also note that CBT does not train a rider to practical test standard, and that in the Department of Transport's view, further training is advisable.

The course will now be formally closed.